American Journal of Internal Medicine

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Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital

Received: 12 August 2023    Accepted: 6 September 2023    Published: 8 October 2023
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Abstract

With a view to preventing and improving diabetes management in Kozah Prefecture, we conducted this study to determine the risk factors for diabetes in people with diabetes and to assess their sociodemographic profile. Our cross-sectional prospective study took place from November 04, 2021 to January 28, 2022. It involved patients of both known sexes with diabetes who consented to participate in the study. We developed collection sheets that collected socio-demographic and clinical data from patients. The study involved 51 patients whose average age was 37.90 years with a sex ratio of 1.35. The majority of subjects (41.2%) were married and worked in the informal sector. Being overweight was the predominant risk factor (62.7%), followed by physical inactivity (57%), followed by family history of diabetes (54.9%), and high blood pressure. Older age (15.7%) was the least prevalent risk factor. More than half of patients were exposed to a combination of two more risk factors (54.9%). Subjects exposed to three risk factors represented (11.8%) of the study population. All patients had at least one factor recognized as a risk factor for diabetes. Given the results of our study we can say that the risk of developing the disease is greater when there is a combination of several factors.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11
Published in American Journal of Internal Medicine (Volume 11, Issue 4, July 2023)
Page(s) 64-66
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Diabetes, Risk Factors, Hospital Setting, Kara

References
[1] Fédération Internationale du Diabète. Atlas du diabète de la FID.10e édition. Bruxelles, Belgique: Fédération Internationale du Diabète, 2021.
[2] Kassi K. Valeurs normales de l’hémoglobine glyquée chez l’ivoirien adulte présumé Sain. Thèse Pharm. Univ. Abidjan: 2003, 872, 189p.
[3] Prédiabète/diabète Québec [en ligne]. c2023. [Consulté le 29/06/23] Disponible sur: https://www.diabete.qc.ca/le-diabete/informations-sur-lediabete/prediabete/
[4] Diop S. N., Wade A., Lokrou A., Diédhiou; D., Adoueni V. K. Prise en charge du diabète de type 2 en pratique médicale courante en Afrique sub-saharienne: résultats de l’étude AMAR-AFO au Sénégal et en Côte d’Ivoire. Med Maladies Metab 2013; 7 (4): 363-7.
[5] Koudou G. H. P. Facteurs de risque du diabète dans la population non diabétique de la région du sud Comoé (Côte d’Ivoire): cas des villes d’Aboisso et de Bonoua [Thèse]. Côte d’Ivoire: Université Félix Houphouët Boigny; 2017. 116p.
[6] Nemi K. D., Djalogue L, Djagadou KA, Tchamdja T, Tsevi YM, Balaka A. Les modes de révélation du diabète sucré au CHU Sylvanus Olympio de Lomé. Pan Afr Med J., 2019, 34: 99.
[7] Djibril, M. A., Balaka, A., Nemi K. D., Tchamdja, T., & Agbetra A. Urgences diabétiques à Lomé: aspects épidémiologique et pronostique. Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l’Université de Lomé, 2013, 15 (3): 353-8.
[8] Dehayem MY, Sobngwi E, Nwatsock JF, Mani JM, Jupkwo B, Mbanya JC. Prise en charge du diabète sucré au Cameroun: résultats de l’étude Diabcare. Diabetes Metab. 2010; 36 (1): 59-60.
[9] Sow D, Diédhiou D, Diallo IM et al. Etude des facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire chez les patients diabétiques de type 2 au Centre Marc Sankalé de Dakar. RAFMI 2018; 5 (2): 43-9.
[10] Kyelem CG, Yaméogo TM, Ouédraogo MS, Rouamba, N., Sombié, I., Lankoandé, D., et al. Caractéristiques Thérapeutiques des Diabétiques Suivis au CHU de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. Heal Sci Dis. 2014; 15 (2): 2-6.
[11] Mbaye M, Niang K, Sarr A, Mbaye A, Diedhiou D, Ndaou M-B et al. Aspects épidémiologiques du diabète au Sénégal: résultats d’une enquête sur les facteurs de risque cardio-vasculaires dans la ville de Saint-Louis. Med maladies Metab 2011; 5 (6): 659-64.
[12] Agoudavi K. et al. Rapport final de l’enquête STEPS Togo 2010.
[13] Mossi KE, Balaka A, Tchamdja T, Djagadou K, Sama HD, Apeti S et al. Prévalence des complications du diabète sucré à la Clinique médico-chirurgicale du CHU Sylvanus Olympio de Lomé. RAFMI 2019; 6 (1-3): 42-8.
[14] M. Dali-Sahi, D. Benmansour, A. Aouar, N. Karam. Etude de l’épidémiologie du diabète de type 2 dans les populations endogames de l’ouest Algérien. Lebanese science journal, 2012, 13 (2) 17-26.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Djalogue Lihanimpo, Mossi Komi Edem, Nemi Komi Dzidzonu, Tchamdja Toyi, Djagadou Kodjo Agbeko, et al. (2023). Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital. American Journal of Internal Medicine, 11(4), 64-66. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11

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    ACS Style

    Djalogue Lihanimpo; Mossi Komi Edem; Nemi Komi Dzidzonu; Tchamdja Toyi; Djagadou Kodjo Agbeko, et al. Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital. Am. J. Intern. Med. 2023, 11(4), 64-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11

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    AMA Style

    Djalogue Lihanimpo, Mossi Komi Edem, Nemi Komi Dzidzonu, Tchamdja Toyi, Djagadou Kodjo Agbeko, et al. Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital. Am J Intern Med. 2023;11(4):64-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11,
      author = {Djalogue Lihanimpo and Mossi Komi Edem and Nemi Komi Dzidzonu and Tchamdja Toyi and Djagadou Kodjo Agbeko and Balaka Abago and Djibril Mohaman Awalou},
      title = {Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital},
      journal = {American Journal of Internal Medicine},
      volume = {11},
      number = {4},
      pages = {64-66},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajim.20231104.11},
      abstract = {With a view to preventing and improving diabetes management in Kozah Prefecture, we conducted this study to determine the risk factors for diabetes in people with diabetes and to assess their sociodemographic profile. Our cross-sectional prospective study took place from November 04, 2021 to January 28, 2022. It involved patients of both known sexes with diabetes who consented to participate in the study. We developed collection sheets that collected socio-demographic and clinical data from patients. The study involved 51 patients whose average age was 37.90 years with a sex ratio of 1.35. The majority of subjects (41.2%) were married and worked in the informal sector. Being overweight was the predominant risk factor (62.7%), followed by physical inactivity (57%), followed by family history of diabetes (54.9%), and high blood pressure. Older age (15.7%) was the least prevalent risk factor. More than half of patients were exposed to a combination of two more risk factors (54.9%). Subjects exposed to three risk factors represented (11.8%) of the study population. All patients had at least one factor recognized as a risk factor for diabetes. Given the results of our study we can say that the risk of developing the disease is greater when there is a combination of several factors.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Risk Factors for Diabetes in People with Diabetes in Kara Teaching Hospital
    AU  - Djalogue Lihanimpo
    AU  - Mossi Komi Edem
    AU  - Nemi Komi Dzidzonu
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    JF  - American Journal of Internal Medicine
    JO  - American Journal of Internal Medicine
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajim.20231104.11
    AB  - With a view to preventing and improving diabetes management in Kozah Prefecture, we conducted this study to determine the risk factors for diabetes in people with diabetes and to assess their sociodemographic profile. Our cross-sectional prospective study took place from November 04, 2021 to January 28, 2022. It involved patients of both known sexes with diabetes who consented to participate in the study. We developed collection sheets that collected socio-demographic and clinical data from patients. The study involved 51 patients whose average age was 37.90 years with a sex ratio of 1.35. The majority of subjects (41.2%) were married and worked in the informal sector. Being overweight was the predominant risk factor (62.7%), followed by physical inactivity (57%), followed by family history of diabetes (54.9%), and high blood pressure. Older age (15.7%) was the least prevalent risk factor. More than half of patients were exposed to a combination of two more risk factors (54.9%). Subjects exposed to three risk factors represented (11.8%) of the study population. All patients had at least one factor recognized as a risk factor for diabetes. Given the results of our study we can say that the risk of developing the disease is greater when there is a combination of several factors.
    VL  - 11
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Author Information
  • Department of Internal Medicine, Kara Teaching Hospital, University of Kara, Kara, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Kara Teaching Hospital, University of Kara, Kara, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Campus Teaching Hospital, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

  • Department of Internal Medicine, Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital, University of Lomé, Lomé, Togo

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