Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 267-273
Postural Instability in a Young Dyslexic Adult Improved by Hebbian Pulse-width Modulated Lighting
Albert Le Floch, Laser Physics Laboratory, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France; Quantum Electronics and Chiralities Laboratory, Rennes, France
Samuel Henriat, Clinic of Podiatry, Pontivy, France
Rosane Fourage, Institute of Training in Podology, Ergotherapy and Kinesitherapy, Rennes, France
Guy Ropars, Laser Physics Laboratory, University of Rennes 1, Rennes, France
Received: Oct. 14, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 23, 2020;       Published: Nov. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajim.20200806.15      View  58      Downloads  52
Abstract
Background: Postural stability is linked to vision in everyone, since when the eyes are closed stability decreases by a factor of 2 or more. However, in persons with dyslexia postural stability is often deficient even when the eyes are open, since they show deficits in motor as well as specific cognitive functions. In dyslexics we have shown that abnormal symmetry between retinal Maxwell’s centroid outlines occurs, perturbing the interhemispheric connections. We have also shown that pulse-width modulated lighting can compensate for this lack of asymmetry, improving the reading skills. Objective: As the postural stability and the vision are correlated, one may wonder if the excess of the postural instability recorded in a young adult with dyslexia can also be reduced by a pulse-width modulated light controlling the Hebbian synaptic plasticity. Method: Using a force platform we compared the postural responses of an observer without dyslexia with the responses of a subject with dyslexia, by measuring their respective standing postures with eyes open looking at a target in a room with either continuous or pulse lighting. Results: There was no effect of changing the lighting conditions on the postural control of the subject without dyslexia. However, we found that the postural stability of the subject with dyslexia which was actually impaired during continuous light, but was greatly improved when a 80 Hz pulsed light frequency was used. Importantly, the excursions of the surface area of the center of pressure on the force platform were reduced by a factor of 2.3. Conclusion: The postural instability in a dyslexic person can be improved by pulse-width modulated lighting.
Keywords
Neural Connectivity, Postural Control, Visual Interactions, Synaptic Plasticity, Dyslexia, Pulse Light Effect
To cite this article
Albert Le Floch, Samuel Henriat, Rosane Fourage, Guy Ropars, Postural Instability in a Young Dyslexic Adult Improved by Hebbian Pulse-width Modulated Lighting, American Journal of Internal Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 267-273. doi: 10.11648/j.ajim.20200806.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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